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JPRA Personnel Recovery


Personnel recovery is the sum of military, diplomatic, and civil efforts to prepare for and execute the recovery and reintegration of isolated personnel. Guidance dates back to President Dwight Eisenhower’s Executive Order 10631 on 17 August 1955, which established the Code of Conduct for how U.S. military forces should behave in battle and if captured by the enemy. Today’s national policy identifies personnel recovery as an abiding national commitment and a moral imperative.


Personnel recovery preserves our commitment to respond to isolating events in order to “leave no one behind” and save lives across the range of military operations. An isolating event is an incident wherein persons become separated or isolated from friendly support and are forced to survive, evade, resist, or escape. This mission brings the imperatives of defense into harmony with the values of democracy.


Personnel recovery is a fundamental responsibility of the Department of Defense and one of our highest priorities. It serves as a protector of our national will to commit forces and honor coalitions. The Department of Defense will keep faith with the troops and with the families who have entrusted them to our care in service to our nation. Personnel recovery is truly and uniquely an indelible part of the American way.




The Joint Personnel Recovery Agency (JPRA) is a Chairman's Controlled Activity. JPRA is designated as DoD's office of primary responsibility for DoD-wide personnel recovery matters, less policy. JPRA is headquartered in Fort Belvoir, Virginia with schools located in Fredericksburg, VA and Spokane, WA.
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